The Joint Program Executive Office for Chemical and Biological Defense (JPEO-CBD) - http://www.jpeocbd.osd.mil is responsible to the Secretary of Defense for maintaining an adequate stockpile of biological warfare defensive vaccines and defined production capabilities, as determined by the Joint Staff and Services' demands. The JPEO-CBD has developed an anthrax vaccine production model to use as a tool to balance the total annual requirement for production with vaccination and inventory requirements to support total force vaccination.
Emergent BioSolutions recently received full FDA approval for the newly renovated manufacturing suite and its contract filler, Hollister-Stier LLC this will ensure production of the anthrax vaccine. To be used by DoD, each vial of anthrax vaccine must meet all FDA requirements. Additionally, a stockpile exists that could be used in an emergency situation.