If diagnosed early, botulism can be treated with an antitoxin that blocks the actions of the toxin circulating in the blood. This can prevent patients from worsening, but recovery still takes many weeks. Physicians may try to remove contaminated food remaining in the gut by inducing vomiting or by using enemas. Wounds should be treated, usually surgically, to remove the source of the toxin-producing bacteria. Good supportive care in a hospital is the core therapy for all forms of botulism.
The bacterium Clostridium botulinum is the same bacterium that is used to produce Botox or Myobloc, pharmaceuticals for clinical and cosmetic use. However, what is used in Botox treatments is the purified and diluted neurotoxin A. Treatment is administered according to the needs and tolerance of the patient.